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紫砂壶茶楼

桂子落画亭,梅影弄碧洲。胜迹追武陵,美酒流心沟。

 
 
 

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课堂观察 —— 评骆敏洁老师的课  

2010-05-21 00:06:38|  分类: 教育园地 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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骆敏洁老师的上课内容是高一第三模块第五单元的“Using language”,着重“READING”的教学,“THE TRUE NORTH ” FROM TORONTO TO MONTEARL 听完课后,我的思绪好像尼亚加拉瀑布倾泻,随着苏比尔湖而流动,促使我不得不发表评论。

 

在深入她的课堂观察之前,我先问大家一个问题,今天是“THE TRUE NORTH”的继续,那么文中一开头提到的The next morning 是整个旅程中的第几天?呵呵,也许你们都没有想过这个问题。当我问小骆时她也不能答上来,想当然地说就是第二天早晨了。如果我们连这两篇游记具体描述的是多少天、每天的所见所闻都没让学生搞清楚,怎么能算很好地学完课文了呢?阅读课的教学效果又体现在哪里?

 

我再问一个问题,这个单元为哪个功能项目服务?一打开书本目录,我们就能清晰地看到这个单元的三个Functional items: Direction, Position and Emotions。过去有一个足球教练对中国足球队员说,如果你们不知道怎么踢球的话,就使劲朝对方的球门踢就行了。我把这句话贩运过来,如果你把握不住上课内容的话,围绕这三个功能目标展开教学就行了。对于前两个功能项目,老师们一般容易操作,可是,对第三个项目却施展不开。

 

好多老师一听到课堂教学的“理念”就“头大”,其实课堂教学理念就是建筑于吃透教材的基础上而作出的理性思考后形成的教学观念,理念作了偏差,课堂教学的目标就会偏移。现在回到我们今天教学的课文。我想它既然是游记的继续,总得把上一节的内容作一简单复习,同时作为这节Using language的开端。

 

THE FIRST DAY

What about the first day of the trip? How did they feel? (注意emotion的运用) 师生共同进入旅途的exciting中。What did they see and hear? How did they spend the whole afternoon and evening? (imagine)

 

THE SECOND DAY

What did they see earlier that day ? What is their next stop? Can you say something about Calgary? That day after dinner what did they learn and how did they feel? Where did the train go as they slept that night?

 

简要回顾后,教师就把学生从“列车上的睡梦中”唤醒,The next morning 其实已是第三天的早上,他们一醒来就看到了诗情画意的一幕,the bushes and maple trees outside their windows were red, gold and orange, and there was frost on the ground, confirming (which showed) that fall had arrived in Canada. 教师也可以反过来问,Can you describe fall in Canada? ( 窗外丛林树,枫叶金黄红。地上结白霜,加国秋已到。) 过去我曾经说过,我们教语言如果能上升到文学的高度,那可是最高境界。教师引领学生徜徉在美的文字里,能不愉悦吗?Emotion的目标就是要在不知不觉中达到。接着按照时间顺序继续旅途,Where did they arrive around noon? Look at the picture on the right! Can you say something about the picture? Why did they go up the tall CN Tower? 引出 look far in the distance, look across the lake, 还有 The water flows into the Niagara River and over the falls on its way to the sea. 这些都是登高望远所得。兴致之豪迈,旅途之快意,都要在这个emotion中有所体现。What did they see next? When did they meet Lin Fei? What did they chat about?  When did they leave Toronto and when did they arrive in Montreal?

 

At dawn the next morning, that is, the fourth day, what did they see and hear? Where did they spend the afternoon? Say something about Montreal. Is their whole trip over in Montreal? Where did they go next stop? How did they feel that night? Can you predict what they would see in the distance east coast? ( 这个问题已经带有延伸的意义了) 至此,整个旅程才告结束,通过教师与学生的交流,不但完成三个功能项目的任务,而且指导阅读,不断找出答案进行语言运用的操练,在遵循Enough input, 才能reasonable output的原则下,开展拓展性的练习,比如,Li Daiyu Liu Qian 有写日记的习惯,你能设想一下她俩四天中的日记内容吗? Write four diaries for each day. 39页最后一个任务就是要写一个a short report, 用日记来代替也无妨,这个单元的Writing任务就是Descriptive writing: a report。结合上海世博会加拿大馆也完全可以,只是一定要先立足于课文内容的学习,只有把课文内容内化成自己的语言,这堂课的教学效果就会突出,也就是我们常说的,学生在这节课里学会了什么?这是我对这堂课的理解和粗略的总体构想。现在来观察小骆老师的这节课。

 

小骆第一张PPT显示的是枫叶旗和一行字

Canada

      —— a living country  接着第二张是旅行路线图,两个问号要学生答出来是哪两个城市。第三张PPT自然地引出The First Stop

Toronto: the __________ and most wealthy city in Canada. 但要求学生做的只是填一个字而已。接下去连续四张以图为主配字的PPT,分别为

1. CN Tower

We could see the _______  _______ that rose from the great _______  _______.

2. Niagara Falls is (the second largest) falls in the world.

3. Toronto Raptors多伦多猛龙队

4We can get good __________ food here.

 

从以上设计和教学实际来看,教师指导学生进行阅读并运用语言是远远不够的,更多时候象“蜻蜒点水”那样,只要求学生填几个词就行了。

 

第八张PPT

The Second Stop

Montreal:   People everywhere were speaking                _________.

              Signs and ads were in ________.

It is a city which has ________ ________ and traditions.  教学思路基本同上,仍停留在个别词汇上。

 

第九张PPTCompetition的四个话题。

第十张PPT没什么具体意义,不要也罢,口头说一下就行,Ready? Let’s go.

第十一张PPT

T or F

Canada is the second largest country of the world with a large population.

这是上一节课的内容,想起到什么作用呢?

 

第十二张PPT

information card:

 

capital city: __________

 

official language: _____________

 

the country leader: ___________

 

如果是要学生练说整个句子或者连成一小段倒也行,Ottawa is the Capital city. The official language of Canada is French and English. The country leader is called Prime Minister. 但仅仅填几个字怎么能算是在运用语言呢?

 

第十三张PPT

There are two national emblems of Canada, what are they?

        beever and maple leaf

是一个问答题,基本上与这课不大相关,上一节课提到,they managed to catch sight of some mountain goats and even a grizzly bear and an eagle. 如果是问这些,倒也能起到复习的作用,至少能重现manage to catch sight of 和一些动物名称。

 

第十四张PPT

Most Canadians live within a few hundred  kilometres of __________ __________.

完全是上一节课的内容,要是放在导入新课前倒是很好,但已经到了本课的中间环节,舍弃本课内容,似乎有避重就虚之感。

 

第十五张PPT

完全可以省略,口头表述即可,Let’s come to the next topic “Geography”. Come on!

 

第十六张PPT

Find out what the number is about?

    5,500

    It is the distance from the east to west coast.

    (Canada is 5,500 kilometres from coast to coast.)

这也是上一节课的内容。

 

第十七张PPT

What is Canada’s neighboring country on land?

四个国家中选一,分别是Russia, the USA, Denmark, Mexico

这道题基本上对高一学生来说毫无意义,况且上一节课也已讲到。

 

第十八张PPT

What are the oceans on east and west coasts?

west: Pacific Ocean    east: Atlantic Ocean

这道题也是上一节课的内容,地图上标着。如果一定要练一下的话,也可以,因为方位与位置关系正是这个单元的功能目标,所以应该让学生试着说出完整的句子来。

 

第十九张PPT

What is the location of Montreal?

It located on Canada's ______ coast.

仅仅要求学生填出一个east , 终是停留在浅表层次上。另外,located 前应该加一个is

 

第二十张PPT

又是无效的,话题是Major cities, 口述一下就行,Would you please list some major cities you know?

 

第二十一张PPT

What are Canada’s big cities? 展示五大城市图片。

为何不要求学生结合所学知识,用几句话概括五个城市的特征呢?总比列一下城市名称好吧?

 

第二十二张PPT

Which of the following statements is not the reason for the population of Vancouver growing so rapidly?

A. Because it is beautiful.

B. It is surrounded by 

   mountains and  ocean.

C. People can Ski in the

   mountains and sail in 

   the harbour.

D. It is the most weathy

    city of Canada.

这个也是上节课的内容。如果一定要运用,应该结合39Speaking and writing 1提供的句式和词汇,大家不难发现,这个设计恰好是在落实功能项目的任务。三段内容分别操练direction, position emotion

 

第二十三张PPT

Why is there good Cantonese food in Toronto?

Because most of the Chinese people there came from South China, especially Hong Kong.

这是较有效的问题,总算出现一个完整的句子了,而且与课文内容相关。

 

第二十四张PPT

Each year, nearly a million visitors come to Calgary for "the greatest outdoor show on earth", ____________________.

The cowboys have a gift for_______________

and they can win________________________

上一节内容,问题已述。

 

第二十五张PPT

关于tourist attraction 的话题,可以口头表述,省去。

 

第二十六张PPT

How many “Great Lakes” are there in

    Canada and what are they?

1.Lake Superior

(苏必利尔湖)

2.Lake Huron

      (休伦湖)

3. Lake Erie

        (伊利湖)

4. Lake Ontario

       (安大略湖)

5. Lake Michigan

        (密歇根湖)

第二十七张PPT

The rocky mountains, the great backbone of North America, run from ______ to ______ like a huge dragon.

 

第二十八张PPT

Canada national tower --- CN Tower,is the tallest tower in the canada.

about 553.3 meters tall

 

第二十九张PPT

Although it is not the highest waterfall in Canada, it is quite popular among travelers, known as "the honeymoon capital of the world." It is said that "if you haven't been to this place, you cannot be said to have been to Canada?"  Can you guess what place it is?

Niagara Falls

 

以上四张更象是百科知识竞赛。在扎实完成课文教学后作一些趣味性的拓展学习倒也可取的。

 

第三十张PPT

Discussion

Canada pavilion

由于“理念”出现偏差,目标一直在偏离。但因为小骆前些年经过大市优质课评比的洗礼,并获得一等奖,所以无论从哪方面讲,她都称得上是一个不可多得的优秀教师。尽管教学定位上出现一些问题,她的课仍然比较流畅,并得到评委们的支持,以第一名的身份出线。以下活动也组织得很好,这一点大家有目共睹,不再赘述。

 

 

第三十一张PPT

student A: a super journalist --- 007

student B&C: architects / designers

student D: guide

 

Hello, Mr. / Miss. ...

May I ask you some questions?

What does Canada Pavilion look like?

Why do you choose such kind of shape?

Can you say something about the design of the Pavilion?

……

What can we see in Canada Pavilion

How do you feel? Why?

Can you introduce something about the country?

location? culture? geography? tourist attraction?

 

第三十二张PPT

student B&C --- designers: 

1. design a Canada Pavilion by yourself and draw on  

   the paper.

2. give your reasons of the design.

What shape should it be?

What color fits it best?

 

 

第三十三张PPT

student D --- guide:

make a report and give an introduction of Canada

 

1. brief introdution

2. Geography / location

3. tourist attraction

4. major cities

 

Canada is a beautiful country. If you have no chance to go to Canada now, you can pay a visit to Canada Pavilion.

        You can see……

        It is famous for……

        It located……is close to……

        It’s …kilometres from ... to…

        ……

        ……

Welcome to Canada. once you come, i think, you would like to go back for another visit.

 

第三十四张PPT

letter C:

stands for the friendship between Canada and China!

 

第三十五张PPT

加拿大馆效果图。

 

第三十六张PPT

chairs in the shape of

 maple leaves

 

第三十七张PPT

正面效果图

Welcome to Canada Pavilion!

 

下课。

 

课堂观察暂时写到这儿,夜已深,思绪也已平静。概括提炼一下我所表述的要上好这堂课的三个要素:

 

1、  如何将所学材料与功能项目(方向、位置、情感)教学结合起来。

2、  如何从整体教学出发,把两个材料合理组合,并进行有效的语言输入,学习和巩固功能目标语,能弄清并能简要叙述四天旅程的所见所闻。

3、  在上述两点基础上,内化语言,通过活动设计,合理进行语言输出,给学生有足够的运有语言的操练机会。

 

小骆说,我如果写了许多批评的话,她就不看我的博客了,那自然是笑话。只是看了我那么多否定的话以后,别酸了鼻子就行,谁让你是我的爱徒呢?师傅说得不重一点,哪会长进?而指出这些问题也能引起大家的思考,一起探讨,共同提高。我说的也仅是一家之言,不当之处,大家批评!

 

最后希望骆敏洁老师,一如她的名字那样,骆马一样脚踏实地,坚忍不拔,机敏又干净利索,在“星光大道”乃至教师生涯走得更远更好!

 

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