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紫砂壶茶楼

桂子落画亭,梅影弄碧洲。胜迹追武陵,美酒流心沟。

 
 
 

日志

 
 

(原创)The 15th Week in Notts, UK  

2007-02-01 15:49:52|  分类: 酒花飘香 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Sunday, 19 Jan.

    This morning I went to Chen’s home. We decided yesterday afternoon to go to the city together to buy Clarks shoes.

    We went to several shoe shops and finally bought two pairs each. I bought one for SST, and another for myself.

     After that we both came to my home to have supper together. Wang’s family and Zhu joined us. We drank so much. We drank up the bottle that Chen took and nearly finished the whole bottle of vodka. Both Chen and I were drunken. Chen slept on the sofa snoring loudly, not going home. I was so drunken that I was very excited to talk with Mr Wang, who drank two bottles of beer and some vodka. I didn’t sleep until 1 o’clock. Wang stayed near Chen to accompany him. At half past four I asked Wang to go to sleep and I remained there. Chen kept sleeping soundly.

                   

Monday, 20 January 2003

    Chen woke up at half past seven, surprised to find himself sleeping on the sofa for the whole night, failing to remember all of that.

     I began to cook breakfast, feeling dizzy. I nearly didn’t sleep at all. So I was so sleepy at that time. After a quick breakfast, we went to school.

     When we arrived at the door of the classroom, I told Chen that I was going home for a sleep to recover myself.

    I immediately went to bed after I got home. At about three o’clock I woke up and had pasta and two oranges for lunch. At half past three, I came to school again.

At eight o’clock I left the computer room for home. I said sorry to Mr Wang for giving him so much trouble last night.

   

Tuesday, 21 January 2003

     I got up at eight this morning. Sarah gave the lessons on pronunciation. She taught attentively. I took the lesson as my listening practice. Sometimes when she asked us questions, I would be active in answering the questions. I took it a great chance of practising speaking.

    When the lesson was over, the leader of us asked me to be a main chef for the coming spring festival party. They got to know that I could cook nice Chinese Food and chose me to do the job. I was shown the kitchen and the cookers. I had to take over the job. There were all together more than 70 people including our teachers who would attend the grand party. Eating will be a great part of the party for many of us haven’t had good Chinese food for a long time. Some of us still live with an English host family. They are all looking forward to nice dishes that I am going to provide them. I wish what I will cook would satisfy their appetite. So I am planning what dishes to cook. I should first list a grand menu and then give a shopping list to a person who is in charge of shopping. We are going to make Jiaozi too.

    I had a tutorial with Chris in the afternoon. The main topic was English Royal Family. I got to know how House of Lords is made and what the function of Commons is. As usual, after one hour of tutorial, I went to the computer room. After reading some news, I checked my mailbox.

Wednesday, 22 January 2003

    Chris gave us a lesson on speaking teaching skill this morning. Here is the criteria of judging a speaking ability:

1.      amount of talk

2.      equal participation

3.      eagerness to speak

4.      accuracy and intelligibility of language

Then he divided us into groups of four. Each group was given a picture. He asked us to talk about the picture. Which group could speak more correct sentences in two minutes. So we all spoke in turn while one person ticked after each sentence. We usually could speak 10 sentences. After that another picture was given out, Chris asked to do the same job. This time we could speak more sentences, doubled the first time. Next he asked us to do pair work. He gave each pair two different pictures, one with the mark A and another with the mark B. Now student with A told the one with B about the picture and student with B told the one with A about his picture. He asked us to find out the differences between the two pictures. Students couldn’t look at each other’s picture.

    I experienced the activity, thinking that it may be useful for our students.

    Next, Chris provided us with the following material.

    Benny, the only child of rich parents, is in the 7th Grade (aged13). He is unpopular with both children and teachers. He likes to attach himself to other members of the class, looking for attention, and doesn’t seem to realise they don’t want him. He likes to express his opinion, in class and out of class, but his ideas are often silly, and laughed at. He had bad breath.

    Last Thursday his classmates got annoyed and told him straight that they didn’t want him around; next lesson a teacher scolded him sharply in front of the class. Later he was found crying in the toilet, saying he wanted to die. He was taken home and has not been back to school since.

    We are told that we are an educational advisory committee, which has to advise the principal of the school on Benny’s problem. Chris asked us to discuss what we would advise the school to do and what recommendation we may give, writing it out in the form of letter to the principal.

    All of us did our group work. I think this is the typical problem of a student. So this topic is well chosen for us to discuss. Such kind of class activity is very practical and useful.

  

   

Thursday, 23 January 2003

    It’s nice to see Mike come to give us a lecture this morning. He just came back from his holidays in Japan. His wife is Japanese. Today’s lesson was on speaking teaching skills. Ten Commandments for Motivating Language Learners:

1.      Set a personal example with your own behaviour.

2.      Create a pleasant, relaxed atmosphere in the classroom.

3.      Present the tasks properly.

4.      Develop a good relationship with the learners.

5.      Increase the learners’ linguistic self-confidence.

6.      Make the language classes interesting.

7.      Promote learner autonomy.

8.      Personalise the learner process.

9.      Increase the learners’ goal-orientedness.

10.  Familiarise learners with the target language culture. Dornyei & Cziser, 1998

I think his lecture is worth listening to.

After the lecture, I had some fruits for lunch. Having chatted with some classmates, I went to the tutorial, Chris was the tutor. Today’s topic was Pantomime. We are going to see Pantomime at Royal Concert Hall tomorrow afternoon after we visit David Herbert Lawrence’s house.

    A “Pantomime” is a form of entertainment, generally performed during the Christmas season. Most cities and towns have a form of Pantomime at this time of year. The origins of British Pantomime or “Panto” as it is known date back to the middle ages.

    Pantomime is aimed at children and is usually based on a popular fairy tale or folk legend, the most popular subjects being “Cinderella”, “Aladdin”, “Dick Whittington” and “Snow White”. Other popular titles are “Jack & Beanstalk” and Babes in the Wood”, (usually combining the legend of Robin Hood) and “Sleeping Beauty”. Rising in popularity is “Peter Pan”, although some argue that this is not strickly a pantomime, but a children’s story, based on J.M Barrie’s play.

    Pantomime has become a thriving business in this country. Large theatres compete with each other for the subjects and for “star” names that will attract full houses. A pantomime can often run for six to eight weeks, providing much needed revenue.

    Pantomime has combined many elements of theatre throughout its existence. People talk about “traditional” pantomime, but to remain popular this form of theatre has had to keep its eye firmly on modern trends. Elements that a pantomime should have to be described as “Traditional” begin with a strong story line. The fable or fairy tale has to be well told, incorporating good battling against evil. In this respect, the concept varies little from the medieval morality plays, performed on village greens. To this day “Tradition” says that the pantomime villain should enter from the “dark side”, stage left, followed by his adversary the good fairy stage right. This echoes the tradition in medieval times when the entrances to heaven and hell were placed on these sides.

    The element of song and dance in pantomime are very important. The influences of the Italian “Commedia dell’Arte” can be see here. This form of entertainment travelled through Italy to France, where it became very popular. It consisted of a number of stock characters performing comic situations, with a highly visual content.

    By the early eighteen century, the first use of the word “pantomime” emerges. By 1773 the Theatre Royal in Drury Lane presented the first pantomime story that has a direct descendant today, “Jack the Giant Killer”, “Aladdin and his wonderful Lamp” followed by “Babes in the Wood” and finally in 1804 “Cinderella” was created on stage.

    Clowns---often men dressed as women (known as pantomime Dames)---are an important part of the tradition. The theatrical tradition of men playing women can be traced back to the early days of theatre, when it was thought inappropriate for women to enter the theatrical profession. Boys, for example, played all the female roles in Shakespeare’s plays. The Pantomime Dame is usually the hero’s mother, such as Widow Twankey in “Aladdin” or Dame Trott” in Jack and the Beanstalk.

    The other element of “Traditional” pantomime is the “Principal boy” role, who is usually played by a girl.

    In a world where children are surrounded by computer games and videos, DVD’s and television, a visit to a pantomime may be a child’s first experience of live theatre. If that experience is magical enough, it can leave a lasting impression. Children of all ages will continue to shout “Oh yes it is!” as loudly as ever, and, when the actor in the white sheet waves his arms behind our hero and goes, “Whoo” Whooo!”, everybody will still cry out “Its-behind-you!”

    Tomorrow afternoon we are going to see “Peter Pan”.

   

 

Friday, 24 January 2003

    As planned, this morning I went to visit David Herbert Lawrence's birthplace museum and this afternoon I saw Pantomime at Royal Concert Hall in Nottingham. The name of the play is Peter Pan (xiao fei xia), very popular among children. I will tell you more about D.H.Lawrence and Pantomime in the UK in my journals later.

    The coach started with all of us to Eastwood, David Herbert Lawrence’s birthplace at 9:15. Half an hour later we got there, first we visited the company office where Lawrence’s father used to work, now it was used to be a museum. There we saw some drawings and novels collected and many of the things which displayed the life of that time. The furniture, piano, paintings and many other living commodities of Lawrence were well kept there, reminding me of the life of Victoria period.

The Columbia Encyclopedia,  Sixth Edition. 2001.

Lawrence, D. H.

(David Herbert Lawrence), 1885–1930, English author, one of the primary shapers of 20th-century fiction.

Life 

    The fourth of five children of coal miner Arthur Lawrence and his wife Lydia Beardsall. His parents marriage was unhappy and the children were brought up only to see their mother’s point of view. Lawrence was a sickly child, devoted to his refined but domineering mother, who insisted upon his education. He was often ill and away from school and was bullied by other boys for his delicacy. He won a scholarship to Nottingham High School and in 1901, when he left school at the age of 15, he found work as a clerk at Haywood’s Surgical Garments factory in Nottingham. He hated the work and couldn’t get on with his fellow workers. But the money saved enabled him to take up a teacher training scholarship at Nottingham University and he graduated from the teacher-training course at University College, Nottingham, in 1905. In 1908, he became an assistant master at Davidson Road Elementary School in Croydon at a salary of £95 a year, but he was lonely and unhappy there. After the death of his mother in 1910, he became ill and was advised to give up teaching.

    In 1909 some of his poems were published in the English Review, edited by Ford Madox Ford, who was also instrumental in the publication of Lawrence’s first novel, The White Peacock (1911).

    Lawrence eloped to the Continent in 1912 with Frieda von Richthofen Weekley, a German noblewoman who was the wife of a Nottingham professor who had taught him. She was six years older than Lawrence and had three children. She found her marriage dull and had had several affairs. She and Lawrence were married in 1914. Their marriage was stormy. During World War I the couple was forced to remain in England; Lawrence’s outspoken opposition to the war and Frieda’s German birth aroused suspicion that they were spies. In 1919 they left England for Italy, returning only for brief visits. They were always on the move around the world and always short of money. In 1922, they travelled to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), Australia, the United States (New Mexico), and Mexico. Lawrence fell ill, so they returned to Italy, finally settling near Florence.

    Lawrence had become interested in painting and in 1929, an exhibition of his work was held in London, which Frieda attended, as he was too ill to travel. The police seized 13 of the pictures as obscene. He died at the age of 45 of tuberculosis, a disease with which he had struggled for years.

Works

    Lawrence believed that industrialized Western culture was dehumanizing because it emphasized intellectual attributes to the exclusion of natural or physical instincts. He thought, however, that this culture was in decline and that humanity would soon evolve into a new awareness of itself as being a part of nature. One aspect of this “blood consciousness” would be an acceptance of the need for sexual fulfillment. His three great novels, Sons and Lovers (1913), The Rainbow (1915), had been seized by the police and declared to be obscene. His 1916 novel Women In Love, concerning the consequences of trying to deny humanity’s union with nature, could not find a publisher in America or Britain. In 1921, W Charles Pilley reviewed it under the headline “A Book the Police Should Burn”.

    After World War I, Lawrence began to believe that society needed to be reorganized under one superhuman leader. The novels containing this theme—Aaron’s Rod (1922), Kangaroo (1923), and The Plumed Serpent (1926)—are all considered failures.

Lawrence’s most controversial novel is Lady Chatterley’s Lover (1928), the story of an English noblewoman who finds love and sexual fulfillment with her husband’s gamekeeper. Because their lovemaking is described in intimate detail (for the 1920s), the novel caused a sensation and was banned in England and the United States until 1959. 5. So, in 1928 Lawrence arranged for a private publication of his novel Lady Chatterley’s Lover in Italy. It was not to be commercially published in the USA or Britain for 30 years. In 1960, the British publishers of Lady Chatterley’s Lover, Penguin, were prosecuted by the Home Office for obscenity. The prosecuting counsel introduced the notorious question to the jury: “Is it a book you would wish your wife or your servants to read?”. Penguin won, and publication went ahead.

 

    All of Lawrence’s novels are written in a lyrical, sensuous, often rhapsodic prose style. He had an extraordinary ability to convey a sense of specific time and place, and his writings often reflected his complex personality. Lawrence’s works include volumes of stories, poems, and essays. He also wrote a number of plays, travel books such as Etruscan Places (1932), and volumes of literary criticism, notably Studies in Classic American Literature (1916).

Lawrence died in a sanatorium in Vence, France on the 2 March 1930. The obituaries were largely hostile. In his day his works were often thought to be obscene and yet apart from Shakespeare, the works of DH Lawrence are the most widely taught English texts throughout the world.

    After the visit to Lawrence’s birthplace museum, we came to Royal Concert Hall to see Pantomime “Peter Pan”. It was really an interesting play. Children kept shouting happily during the performance. The wonderful play lasted more than two hours. That’s the second wonderful play that I have seen. The first one I saw was in Shanghai. It was a ballet called Hu Tao Jia Zi. I hope one day I could invite you to enjoy such kind of arts. You will be surprised to know there exist such beautiful plays in the world.

    The story of Peter Pan begins with the young Peter losing his shadow and in retrieving it he meets Wendy, a young girl who has always believed in his existence and tells the most wonderful stories. The adventure begins with Peter Pan teaching Wendy and her brother, John and Michael, to fly. Before they know it they are flying to Neverland where the Lost Boys live and never grow up. Of ourse all is not wonderful in Neverland, there is the band of pirates led by the evil Captain Hook (a pirate who lost his hand in a fight with a large crocodile and now has a hook in its place) with whom the boys and Wendy have to contend.

    After the pirates capture Wendy and the lost boys, Peter comes to the rescue. A fierce battle ensues. The outcome is changed however when the crocodile that originally took Hook’s hand comes back for the rest of him.

    The author J.M.Barrie assigned the royalties from his play Peter Pan to the Great Ormond Street (London) Hospital for Sick Children, a long-established and much-loved charity in this country.

 

Saturday, 25 Jan.

    It was a fine day today, not cold outside. The air was fresh, a little windy. I could feel the early spring was coming, for the grass was more green and the trees with buds on their branches ready to sprout or bloom.

    I still felt too hot inside. English people usually keep their rooms warm with air conditioner. I’m not used to that. So I have to put off my coat leaving only my T-shirt or shirt most of the time, even in the coldest days. The air inside is always not good for all the windows and doors are closed

    At about 11 o’clock I went into the computer room. Today I had to finish my second assignment. The title was Describe a Class Activity. Since I am keeping my journals, it’s easy for me to complete it. I selected one of the journals that was about the theme and gave it a little revision. Then I supplemented it with some theories to support the activity. It took me only half an hour to finish the article and I sent it by email to Chris, my tutor. Last time he gave me a good comment on my assignment with the words “That’s interesting. Nice mix with theories and practice”. I’m sure this time it will also be OK.

    The following time I was searching for the materials about David Herbert Lawrence on the net. I wanted to know more about the most controversial writer since he was born here in Nottingham.

    Up till now, I have already visited 3 houses of  famous English literators,  William Wordsworth, George Gorden Byron and David Herbert Lawrence. Next time we are going to visit the house of the greatest literary master, world-famous playwright William Shakespeare.

    In the evening I phoned Lao Dai wishing him a happy new year. He told me that his son won the first in his grade in the term examination. How nice!

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